32 Tests - G1691A
Available for QiaSymphony SP/AS - Ref: EER027032QS
Factor V Leiden
DuplicαRealTime Mix & Match FACTOR V G1691A Kit is an in vitro diagnostic test for the detection of the nucleotide substitution G1691A (allelic variant g.169549811C>T) in the blood coagulation Factor V gene, by Real-Time PCR.
The resistance to Activated Protein C (APC), characterized by a poor response to anticoagulant activity of APC, a key enzyme in the downregulation of blood coagulation which cause a disposition for hypercoagulable state, increases the risk of thrombotic events. A number of clinical studies show a prevalence of APC resistance of 20-60% among patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE). The actual thrombotic risk is moderate with an odds ratio of 5-7 but its high prevalence makes it by far the most important risk factor know today, even higher than the sum of contributions from inherited deficiencies of Antithrombin, protein C and protein S. At least 90% of the cases with resistance to APC are explained by an nucleotide substitution in the gene for the coagulation Factor V (Guanine to Adenine, G1691A) causing the substitution of an Arginine to Glutamine at position 506 (FV Q506, often denoted as Factor V Leiden mutation), originating one of the three APC cleavage sites in activated Factor V. The mutation is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait and has a prevalence of 2% to 10% in the general Caucasian population. Heterozygous carriers for Factor V Leiden have a 5 to 8 times increased risk of thrombosis and a 30 to 40 times for homozygous carriers. Recently it has been showed a 1.3-fold increased risk only for a coronary disease. Heterozygous carriers who take oral contraceptives are at a 15-fold increased risk of VTE, while carriers also heterozygous with Factor V Leiden have an approximate 20-fold higher risk and it seems to be higher when the coagulation Factor II G20210A transition is associated with the Factor V Leiden mutation.
- Nucleotide substitution G1691A (allelic variant g.169549811C>T) of the blood coagulation Factor V gene
- Internal Control (IC)
- Peripheral whole blood samples collected in EDTA
Compatible with the most common DNA Extraction and Purification Systems
Real-Time PCR instruments:
Compatible with the most common Real-Time PCR Systems
Clonit DuplicaRealTime Mix & Match kits belong to the CardioVascular Diseases panel – CVD Panel. Their protocols can be automated on QiaSymphony SP/AS (Qiagen) and share the same thermal profile.
- DuplicαRealTime Mix & Match FACTOR II G20210A Kit (Ref. EER037032)
- DuplicαRealTime Mix & Match FACTOR V G1691A Kit (Ref. EER038032)
- DuplicαRealTime Mix & Match MTHFR C677T Kit (Ref. EER039032)
- DuplicαRealTime Mix & Match MTHFR A1298C Kit (Ref. EER040032)